Manufacturing Order Details
Accessible from Production planning -> Manufacturing Orders, the administrative view of the Manufacturing Order allows to see all manufacturing order details and edit them.
Jump to a topic:
- Edit the details of the MO.
- Report progress of production operations.
- Manufacturing Order statuses.
- Approve or release a manufacturing order for production.
- How is the operation's duration calculated?
- How are manufacturing overhead, labor, and materials costs calculated?
- What is a multi-level MO?
- Change manufacturing order quantity.
- Book, add, or remove materials.
- Edit operations, assign workers/departments.
- Reschedule MO.
- Remove MO from the schedule.
- Add notes, add a red flag to the MO.
The total quantity of the MO can be changed by the production manager at Production planning -> Manufacturing Orders -> MO details page.
If the quantity is changed before the MO is started:
- Required materials and operations are recalculated.
- Parts are automatically booked, if available.
- Operations are rescheduled.
- The quantity of the target lot is updated.
If the quantity is changed after the MO is started:
Under the Materials section at Production planning -> Manufacturing Orders -> MO details page, it is possible to book new parts or return booked parts to stock as a production manager. The workers can report consumed materials in My production plan.
Managing materials with bulk actions:
- Click "Book all parts" to book available items from stock (by FIFO; or by FEFO, for perishable goods).
- Click "Release all booked parts" to unbook all booked materials. Consumed materials will not be affected.
- Mass (re)book materials of all planned MOs at once to book materials.
- Materials can be added to or removed from MO by updating the Bill of Materials and pushing the update to the existing planned MO (before the order is started).
Managing materials manually, line-by-line:
- To increase booking of material, click "Add a booking" on the material's line.
- To add a new material, click "Add a booking" in the top right corner of the Materials table.
- To decrease booking and undo consumption of material, click "Return to stock" on the stock lot's line of the material.
- To remove a material, click "Return to stock" on the "Not booked" line of the material. If the material is fully booked, first unbook it.
The Operations section of a manufacturing order contains a list of the manufacturing operations, where it is possible to assign workers or departments and edit each operation.
While editing the operation, it is possible to
- change, remove, and add workstations or workers,
- edit the planned operation duration,
- insert, edit, remove reported work times and quantity,
- edit manufacturing overhead and labor costs.
For assigning a worker:
- Open the Manufacturing Order.
- Find the operation.
- Change the Worker, using the drop-down menu.
- If you wish to assign another additional worker to the same operation, then Edit the operation and click "Add worker".
For editing an operation:
- Open the Manufacturing Order in Edit mode.
- Scroll down to the Operations section.
- Click "View/Edit" to see and edit the operation details.
For rescheduling a single operation, there are two options:
- Use Drag-and-Drop Rescheduling in section Production planning -> Production schedule.
- Edit the operation duration manually inside the MO details.
If the routing is updated:
- Operations can be added to or removed from MO by updating the Routing and pushing the update to the existing MO (before the order is started).
It is possible to enter Notes regarding this manufacturing order at the bottom of the MO details page. Important notes (incl. warnings from MRPeasy) have an Important flag Important notice in Production planning -> Manufacturing Orders table and are shown with a thick blue border inside the MO details in the Notes section.
- Report progress of operations and usage of materials.
- Change manufacturing order quantity.
- Edit reported times, quantities, and materials.
- Hour tracker working principles.
- Finalize MO, or finish production as planned.
- Return finished MO to production.
- Create serial numbers for manufactured items.
- Report serial numbers of used components.
- Report scrap, wastage.
- Sub-assembly overproduction in a multi-level MO.
- Print MO PDF, job traveler, materials requisition sheet.
In the reporting views of a MO, it is possible to:
- report start and finish times of work operations,
- quantities produced,
- part consumption,
- lot numbers,
- serial numbers.
There are several ways to access the reporting views:
- Go to the software section My production plan, which is the worker's interface, where operations and material consumption can be reported.
- Log in to Internet-kiosk, which is a simplified reporting interface for the worker, where operations can be reported. This is most suitable for small touchscreens.
- Click the "Go to production" button inside the Manufacturing Order details page to access My production plan, if you are a manager.
For reporting the manufacturing order, if workers have not reported, made mistakes in reporting, or have not finalized it:
- It is possible to edit or enter the reported times and quantities for every worker.
- It is possible to edit the used materials list.
- The MO quantity field can be changed manually.
If an operation is not paused at the end of a workday:
- If it is finished or paused before the next day's working hours, the full time from start to finish is considered.
- Working hours are 9 am to 5 pm. The operation is started at 10 am one day and finished at 2 am the next day. The working time is 16 hours.
- If it is finished or paused during the next day's working hours, only the time that matches working hours is considered.
- Working hours are 9 am to 5 pm. The operation is started at 4 pm one day and finished at 10 am the next day. The working time is 2 hours.
To finish the MO, if a worker in My production plan did not click "Finish production":
- Open the MO
- Click "Go to production".
- Click "Finish production".
In the MO details page, it is possible to finish the MO with one click.
If you click Finish production as planned:
- The Manufacturing Order is marked finished (status Done) even if operations have not been reported, or some materials have not been booked.
- All booked materials will be automatically consumed. If some required materials were not booked, the software adds a flag Important notice and a Note to the order.
- All unreported operations:
- with planned times in the past, will be marked as reported according to their estimated times.
- with planned times in the future, will be scheduled backward from button press time. For all such operations, the finish time will be the button press time, and the duration will match the planned duration.
- Finished products will be available in stock.
If the manufacturing order was marked finished by error, for returning the order to production:
- Open the Manufacturing Order in Edit mode.
- Click the "Return to production" button at the bottom of the Manufacturing Order details page.
The button "Return to production" is visible only to users with the "Lock handler" right. To change user rights go to Settings -> Human resources.
All sub-assemblies produced within a multi-level MO are considered as consumed in the finished product.
For making sub-assemblies to stock in excess, the following approaches can be used:
- Make the MO for the sub-assembly in advance. In such a case, it will not be nested into the MO of the upper-level product, and excess quantities will go to stock.
- If the MO is in progress already:
a) For the overproduced quantity, make a separate MO (and e.g. click the "Finish production as planned" button to put these to stock immediately).
b) For the overproduced quantity, find another existing MO, where these are also necessary, and report these units as produced.
c) Use the Co-product BOM functionality to take excess subassemblies to stock.
How scrap should be reported and treated is an organizational decision of your company. Please find general guidelines below:
If finished products are scrapped, and will not be taken to stock.
- When reporting the number of made products, report only the number of good products.
- If you plan to finish the MO with the same quantity, you may need to add extra materials.
- If you need to finish the MO short:
- the MO quantity can be changed anytime in the administrative view of the MO.
- in My production plan, if the worker reports under-production the MO quantity can be updated automatically.
- The cost of the scrapped will be accounted for in the cost of good products.
If finished products are scrapped and will be taken to stock for further processing, there are two options:
A) Use the "Quality Control" functionality to reject scrapped products after MO finish:
- Enable quality control for the product.
- When reporting the number of made products, report the number of all products = good + scrapped.
- When the MO is finished, perform inspection, and only approve the good products.
- The scrapped products are rejected and in stock, and can only be repaired with a service order, or written off.
- The scrapped products have the same cost as the good products.
B) Use the "Co-product BOM" functionality to place rejected products in stock immediately:
- Create a separate item in stock for the scrapped finished products. Add this item to the BOM of the finished product in the "Additional products" section.
- When reporting the number of made products:
- report only the number of good products.
- additionally, as the additional product quantity which is asked, report the number of scrapped products. These will be placed in stock immediately.
- The cost of the scrapped product can be controlled with the cost allocation percentage in the BOM of the finished product.
If scrapped parts will not be taken to stock:
- Consume the scrapped part in the MO.
- If necessary, add extra materials from stock to replace the scrapped part.
- The cost of scrapped parts will be reflected in the cost of the finished products.
If the scrapped part should be returned to stock and written off:
- If the part is already booked, the production manager must unbook / return the part to stock in the administrative view. (This cannot be done from My production plan.)
- Create a write-off.
If the scrapped part will be taken to stock for further processing, use the "Co-product BOM" functionality to place it in stock immediately:
- Create a separate item in stock for the scrapped part. Add this item to the BOM of the finished product in the "Additional products" section.
- When reporting the number of made products, also report the number of scrapped parts. These will be placed in stock immediately.
- The cost of the scrapped part can be controlled with the cost allocation percentage in the BOM of the finished product.
The section "Subcontracts" in the Manufacturing Order details contains a list of subcontracted operations (e.g. powder coating).
If a Routing has subcontracted services, then in the Manufacturing Order, in the Subcontracts section, for each operation:
- It is possible to create a PO and see the link to the PO.
- When creating the PO, the software calculates the dates and costs using Setup time, Cycle time, Fixed cost, and Variable cost values from the routing. These can be changed or updated inside the PO.
- The operation is marked started when the PO is in shipped status (field "Shipped on" is filled).
- The operation is marked finished when the PO is received.
To create one purchase order with subcontracted operations from several manufacturing orders, please go to Procurement -> Requirements.
Attention! There are different strategies on how to use the Subcontracting module:
- Strategy 1: When a product or a sub-assembly is fully made by the subcontractor (a subcontracted manufacturer).
- Strategy 2: When an operation during production is outsourced to a subcontractor.
To use this functionality, the subcontracting functionality must be turned on at Settings -> System settings -> Professional functions -> Subcontracting: Yes.
Printing the manufacturing order, job traveler
Manufacturing orders can be printed in three versions:
- PDF wide, a document for the management, includes cost information.
- PDF medium, a job sheet for the worker.
- PDF narrow, a less detailed job sheet for the worker.
For printing a very detailed job sheet, click on the Go to production, then print the PDF of that page.
The MO PDFs contain unique MO, sub-assembly, and operation barcodes if the Barcode System functionality is enabled.
Read also: What happens when a barcode is scanned?
Creating the materials requisition sheet
If the Settings -> System Settings -> Software settings -> Materials requisition option is turned ON, the Materials requisition PDF can be created:
- for entire manufacturing order (Materials button on the right top corner);
- for each sub-assembly in multi-level manufacturing order (Materials buttons near each sub-assembly).
The materials requisition layout can be configured in the PDF Editor.
When sub-assemblies are not available in stock, MRPeasy automatically nests the production of these under the same Manufacturing Order.
If the manufacturing order is multi-level:
- The materials and operations are grouped by assemblies (i.e. by BOMs and Routings).
- If a sub-assembly does not have a routing, it is considered as a collection of parts (it is a phantom assembly / a phantom BOM).
- Component names are displayed in green if parts for it are ready (sub-assemblies from the same MO are finished). Otherwise, the component name is displayed in red.
- If the MO product is a kit (a bundle, an auto-assembly product), a multi-level MO is never created.
- If Packing functionality is used, and the MO contains packaging material, then if the packaging material is not in stock, and the packaging has a BOM, a multi-level MO will not be created for manufacturing the packaging item.
Error message: "This manufacturing order cannot be canceled because items from its target lot have been consumed.".
Explanation: This means that products that were made from this MO are used somewhere already (e.g. shipped, written off, consumed in another MO...).
Resolution: The consumption of the products must be undone before the MO can be deleted.
- Open the Manufacturing Order.
- Click on the Target lot number.
- Open the Reports of the lot.
- Select the report "Bookings".
- Find and edit the lines where some items are consumed.